Under an AAE, the buyer is usually a utility company or a company that buys electricity to meet the needs of its customers. With the production distributed with a commercial variant of PPA, the buyer can be the occupant of the building – for example. B a business, a school or a government. Electricity distributors can also enter into AAEs with the seller. An electricity purchase agreement (AAE) is a contractual agreement between energy buyers and sellers. They meet and agree to buy and sell an amount of energy generated or generated by a renewable asset. AAEs are generally signed for a long-term period of between 10 and 20 years. If this is not the case, we should consider a long-term contract setting out all the terms of the agreement. In order to obtain offers to purchase, the owner of the renewable project usually makes a request for a proposal or offer (RFP/RFQ).
Interested energy buyers can then make an offer to purchase. AAEs, developed in the United States in the 1980s, provided the model for modern PPP contracts. PPAs began under the Private Distribution Companies Regulatory Policy Act of 1978 (PURPA), which encouraged the construction of cogeneration facilities whose electricity could be sold to regulated energy suppliers. The long-term commitment of these energy supply companies under an AAE has helped to find financing for the cogeneration plant using AAEs as collateral. AAEs arrived in Europe in the early 1990s, with the privatization of the British electricity industry; this has fostered a separation between private sector companies involved in electricity generation and those involved in the production of electricity and the development of « independent energy projects » that have sold their electricity generation to distributors, thereby increasing competition in electricity generation. Under an AEA, investors benefit from a « tariff » fraction between: 6.3.2-6.3.6 Typical provisions are discussed in a take-pay-offtake contract. For example, an electricity purchase contract (AAE) is used because it is a common type of offtake contract in the context of project financing and other contracts generally follow the AAE model. AAEs have also served as a model for PFI pilot project agreements (see point 6.4). In some countries, air-mining contracts are already being used to finance the construction (investment costs) and operation (operating costs) of renewable energy facilities. Countries that need utilities or want to cover part of their electricity supply from renewable energy sources are particularly attracted to AAEs. The agreements are an alternative for the development of renewable energy in areas where policies are reluctant to promote the development of renewable energy (and subsidies). Profile risk arises from the fluctuating nature of renewable energy (for example.B.
does not produce solar energy at night). In markets with high penetration of renewable energy, periods of high production can lead to a significant decrease in the price of electricity, i.e. turnover. a forward sale of the commodity at a fixed price (which is in fact a take-pay agreement); The most important agreement on which project financing was developed was the 25-year PPP contract between Quezon Power (SPV) and Meralco. The PPP was structured as take-or-pay on the basis of a minimum availability factor of between 82% and 88%, or 85% on average during the 25-year contractual period.