He referred Guardian Australia to the company`s submission in April 2020 for review of the EPBC Act and to a draft in October 2019 to an investigation by the Productivity Commission, which showed the company`s public support for bilateral licensing agreements. Salisbury wrote that, although legal review was under way, national laws have already introduced a mechanism for deleging authorisation powers to states. The government introduced legislation in August to create « one-stop shops » at the state level before Samuel completed the revision of national laws In 2011, four Pilbara native titles signed full national title agreements with Rio Tinto Iron Ore. In 2012 followed a fifth group, Yinhawangka. In its letter of November 21, 2019, Salisbury stated that « duplicated » processes by the state and the federal government have resulted in delays and higher costs for the resource sector. Rio Tinto began in the mid-1990s with The Aborigines, and these agreements are still in force today. Strict corporate governance and benefit management structures have been put in place to ensure the proper implementation of the agreements. Since the signing of the agreements, YMAC has assisted the five groups in appointing agents and has created its own companies that meet the requirements of the Office of the Registrar of Indigenous Corporations (ORIC) and the Corporation (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) Act 2006 (CATSI Act). These agreements were the result of years of in-depth negotiations between the groups represented by YMAC and the Rio Tinto iron ore group. The final agreements give Rio Tinto the security of its existing and future activities in the areas covered by the five national title claim groups. In this context, The Minister of Aboriginal Affairs, Ben Wyatt of Rio Tinto and Industry, should ensure that they do not use their market power to compel traditional owners to enter into agreements that are not fair. Rio Tinto`s iron ore projects were on a list of major projects announced by the government in June, and the VA was the first state to announce that it would pursue a bilateral licensing agreement. Both governments said formal negotiations had begun in August.
If Rio Tinto does not re-examine and renegotiate its outdated agreements, the only solution is a royal commission that has reached an agreement with the Aboriginal people in Australia. He told Ley that environmental processes were « robust » and that an agreement between the federal government and the federal states would reduce costs and time for the industry « without jeopardizing environmental regulation. » Requests for reform were met at the state level by Mr. Wyatt`s close relative, Ben Wyatt, Minister of Aboriginal Affairs in the VA Labour Government. This took place 10 months before the coalition announced its intention to change the laws to establish « one-stop shops » at the state level for environmental approvals, starting with Western Australia. The law was introduced in August, while the review of the laws by the former competition watchdog, Graeme Samuel, was still ongoing. A number of Rio Tinto agreements are nearly 20 years old and have never been updated or audited, despite audit obligations. One of the most important principles of the Rio Tinto agreements is the ability to raise objections under a Commonwealth state or law. This means that traditional owners, as citizens of Australia, are prevented from exercising fundamental rights under Section 18 of the Aboriginal Heritage Applications Act 1972 (AV). « We regret that the recent concerns expressed by the PKKP are not due to the commitments made over many years under the agreement that governs our operations in their country, » he said in a Rio statement. As part of the agreements, national title advocacy groups have concluded a number of economic and non-economic benefits. These include a source of income from mining on their land, training and employment opportunities, access to services contracts for Rio Tinto and support for environmental and heritage activities.